All Conditions We Treat
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a severe lung condition affecting newborns. BPD usually affects extremely premature infants (born more than 10 weeks early) who are receiving oxygen therapy.
Pediatric Cerebral Palsy is a disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture that is usually caused by damage to the brain before birth.
A chromosomal anomaly is a change to a child’s genetic material before birth. Learn more about extra, missing or irregular chromosomes.
Medical experts have developed checklists of "developmental milestones." These milestones describe skill sets that children should meet by certain ages. Your child's ability to crawl, sit up, speak, and hold objects—and even throw tantrums—are a few examples.
An acute lung injury can occur after trauma to the chest or from an indirect source, such as an infection. It leads to respiratory distress. Learn more.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a condition in which the lungs suffer a severe injury, preventing adequate oxygen from reaching vital organs. Learn more.
Children with asthma have sensitive airways that become more irritated with certain triggers. This makes it difficult for them to breathe. Learn more.
Bronchiolitis occurs when bronchioles – or air passages – swell and mucus builds up, making breathing difficult. Learn more.
Bronchitis occurs when the lung’s air passages are infected and inflamed, leading to a productive cough. Learn more about this lung infection.
Bronchiectasis occurs when damaged airways widen and become flabby and scarred. This can lead to a buildup of mucus and lung infections. Learn more.
Pediatric chronic coughs can be caused by a number of factors and illnesses. Our team helps get to the root of the problem.
Chronic lung disease means that there is damage to the newborn’s lungs. The lungs trap air, collapse, fill with fluid or produce extra mucus, making it hard for the infant to breathe.
Children with asthma may be at risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a condition that makes it hard to breathe. Learn more.
Congenital lung disorders, also known as cystic lung disease or congenital lung malformations, occur while a baby is still in its mother's womb. Most congenital lung disorders are discovered during prenatal ultrasounds. About 10 percent of congenital lung disorders are diagnosed at birth, while another 14 percent show up by age 15.
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition that causes thickened mucus, leading to respiratory infections and digestive problems. Learn more.
Swallowing and feeding disorders are common in children. It's estimated between 25% and 45% of normally developing children have some form of the condition. Learn more about pediatric dysphagia, which occurs when a child has difficulty swallowing foods or liquids.
Emphysema is caused by damage to the air sacs of the lungs (alveoli), which leads to trouble breathing and other complications. Learn more.
Empyema is a pooling of pus in the pleural space, the area between the lungs and the chest wall. Learn more.
Esophageal atresia is a malformation that obstructs the upper esophagus. The atresia causes the child to have difficulties with swallowing and eating. Many newborns with esophageal atresia also have congenital heart defects, rectal or spinal malformations and kidney problems.
Esophageal strictures are inflammation or damage to the esophagus that make it difficult for a child to swallow. Learn the causes and symptoms.
Foreign body aspiration occurs when a child inhales an object, which then blocks airways. Learn more.
Pediatric Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) or Osler-Weber-Rendu Syndrome affects the development of blood vessels and can be common in children whose parents have it.
Childhood interstitial lung disease (chILD) is a group of rare conditions that affects infants, children and adolescents.
A laryngeal web is a fibrous layer of tissue that stretches between the vocal cords. Learn how it can affect your child’s voice and breathing.
A laryngotracheal cleft is a gap between the upper airway passage and the esophagus that makes swallowing food and liquid difficult. Learn more.
Muscular dystrophy causes muscles of the body to waste away and weaken, which can sometimes lead to heart and breathing problems. Learn more
Find out what causes persistent pulmonary hypertension, a condition that causes a newborn’s lungs to not function properly after birth.
Pediatric pleural effusions occur when fluid builds up in thin layers of tissue lining the lungs. Learn how this leads to breathing difficulties and low oxygen levels.
When an irritant enters a child’s lung, the swelling that results is known as pneumonitis. Learn more about this condition.
Pediatric primary ciliary dyskinesia is a genetic condition that affects pulmonary functions. Learn how the Children’s Health℠ experts can help.
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) disorders cause breathing to stop or become shallow while sleeping. SDBs include conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea. While common in adults, obstructive sleep apnea affects only between 2% and 3 % of children.
Learn more about pediatric subglottic stenosis, which occurs when the child’s airway becomes narrow in the larynx (voice box).
Thoracic insufficiency syndrome limits growth and development of a child’s lungs, leading to breathing problems and other complications. Learn more.
Learn more about pediatric tracheal stenosis, which occurs when a child’s trachea (windpipe) Is narrowed or constricted.
Tracheoesophageal fistula is a rare congenital defect. You may want to consult a specialist who has experience performing high-risk fetal and neonatal surgery.
Tracheomalacia is a condition that causes the trachea (windpipe) to collapse, making it difficult to breathe. Learn the causes and symptoms.
Tuberculosis is an airborne bacterial infection that attacks the lungs and can damage other organs. Learn more.
Upper airway obstruction occurs when a foreign object or medical condition blocks the windpipe, voice box or throat. Learn more.
Pediatric vocal cord dysfunction occurs when vocal cords close instead of opening while breathing. Learn how Children’s Health experts can help.
Learn more about pediatric vocal cord paralysis, which occurs when a child’s vocal chords cannot move. This impacts their voice and breathing.
An abdominal mass is an abnormal growth that is cancerous or non-cancerous, located in part of your child’s abdomen. Learn more.
Achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a rare genetic disorder causing cartilage to not form normally.
Pediatric Ambiguous Genitalia is a rare condition caused by disrupted gender determination or chromosomal abnormalities. Learn about treatment with Children's Health.
Anencephaly is a type of neural tube birth defect in which part of the brain and the skull are not fully developed. Learn how this can affect your child’s health.
Pediatric anorectal malformations (imperforate anus) happens when a baby’s anus and rectum do not form correctly. These malformations occur while a baby is still developing in the mother’s womb and can affect both boys and girls.
Arteriovenous Malformations (AVMs) are abnormal tangles of arteries and veins. They can occur anywhere in the body, but our team specifically manages and treats those that present in the brain.
Biliary atresia occurs when there is blockage of a baby's bile ducts, which are the tubes that lead out of the liver. Normally, the liver removes toxins, fats and other substances and sends them out through the bile ducts to the gallbladder, which is an organ that aids in digestion.
Bladder exstrophy, also called exstrophy of the bladder, is a rare birth defect in which the bladder is not contained inside the abdomen, but is visible on the outside of the body. The defect exists in less than one percent of births.