Our commitment to keeping you safe

We have never taken for granted the sacred trust you place in us to care for your child, and today we are more grateful than ever for that privilege. To learn about all the ways we are working to keep you, your family and our team members safe, visit our COVID-19 updates page.

Pediatric Multinodular Goiter

Dallas

214-456-5959
Fax: 214-456-5963
Suite F4400

Plano

469-303-2400
Fax: 469-303-2407
Suite P4400

Park Cities

469-488-7000
Fax: 469-488-7001
Suite 106

Request an Appointment with codes: Endocrinology

Refer a Patient

What is Pediatric Multinodular Goiter?

A goiter is an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. A multinodular goiter is made up of multiple thyroid nodules.

Risk Factors

Multinodular goiter is more common in girls than in boys. Other risk factors may include:

  • A family history of thyroid nodules
  • Previous radiation exposure to the head and neck
  • Age (incidence increases with age)
  • Other thyroid conditions

What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Multinodular Goiter?

Many children with multinodular goiter do not have any symptoms, so the goiter is initially discovered during a routine physical exam. For those who do have symptoms, they may include:

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Neck or throat pain
  • Hoarseness
  • Neck Mass / Swelling
  • Unexplained weight loss

How is Pediatric Multinodular Goiter diagnosed?

There are several methods that are used for diagnosing multinodular goiter. Your doctor may use a combination of these methods:

  • History and physical exam
  • Blood tests to check thyroid hormone levels
  • Ultrasound
  • Radioactive iodine uptake test (a noninvasive test to determine how much radioactive iodine is absorbed by the thyroid gland over a period of time)
  • Fine needle biopsy (removal of a small amount of thyroid tissue using a thin needle; the tissue is later examined under a microscope.)

What are the causes of Pediatric Multinodular Goiter?

The exact cause of multinodular goiter is unknown. Possible contributors may include:

How is Pediatric Multinodular Goiter treated?

Treatment for multinodular goiter may include:

  • “Watchful waiting:” monitoring your child’s condition, but no initial treatment
  • Medications to regulate thyroid hormones
  • Radioactive iodine: a liquid that is absorbed into the thyroid and reduces the size and activity of the nodules
  • Surgery to remove the nodules (all or part of the thyroid gland may also need to be removed.)

Pediatric Multinodular Goiter Doctors and Providers