Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a condition that develops when the body is not able to produce enough insulin. Without insulin, glucose cannot be used for energy. Instead the body will use fat for the energy it needs.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) occurs with elevated blood glucose AND urinary ketones. High ketones are acids that form when the body burns fat for energy and when there is not enough insulin.
It is important to test your child's urine when blood glucose is equal to or greater than 250 and when your child is not feeling well or is sick.
Ketones are acid molecules that develop with when the body is starving. These can be dangerous with type 1 diabetes and can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, a diabetes emergency.
With similar symptoms to common illnesses, DKA can be hard to detect but specific clues can help separate the two. That’s why it’s important to know the signs and symptoms of DKA, to help recognize it early and ensure timely, targeted therapy.
The five primary signs and symptoms for diabetic ketoacidosis include
Additional signs and symptoms may include: