Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a condition that develops when the body is not able to produce enough insulin. Without insulin, glucose cannot be used for energy. Instead the body will use fat for the energy it needs.


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What is Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis?

Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs with elevated blood glucose AND urinary ketones. High ketones are acids that form when the body burns fat for energy and when there is not enough insulin.

It is important to test your child's urine when blood glucose is equal to or greater than 250 and when your child is not feeling well or is sick.

What are ketones?

Ketones are acid molecules that develop with when the body is starving. These can be dangerous with type 1 diabetes and can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, a diabetes emergency.

What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis?

What are the causes of Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis?

  • Missed injections
  • Illness/stress

How is Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis treated?

  • 6 – 12 oz water every 20 minutes
  • Retest ketones until negative
  • Insulin therapy
  • Contact your endocrinologist and/or primary care provider

Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis Doctors and Providers