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Pediatric Hemarthrosis

Hemarthrosis happens when there is bleeding into a joint.

What is Pediatric Hemarthrosis?

Hemarthrosis is a condition where there is bleeding into a joint due to a complication, such as a blood disorder or a traumatic injury to the joint. The most common places hemarthrosis occurs are the knees, ankles and elbows.

What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Hemarthrosis?

Symptoms of hemarthrosis may include:

  • Bleeding gums after brushing teeth or dental work
  • Bleeding longer or more than usual after injury or surgery
  • Blood in the urine
  • Bruising easily
  • Deep bruising due to bleeding in the muscle after routine shots or minor injuries
  • Frequent nosebleeds
  • Joints that feel warm or have a tingling sensation
  • Pain and swelling at the joint
  • Prolonged bleeding in babies after the umbilical cord is cut or after a male is circumcised
  • Refusal to move an arm or leg because of joint pain

What are the causes of Pediatric Hemarthrosis?

Most cases of hemarthrosis happen after a traumatic injury to the joint. If your child has hemophilia or another blood disorder that affects blood clotting and makes them bleed more easily, hemarthrosis may happen after a minor injury, such as falling down or bumping into an object.

Risk factors

Your child is more at risk for hemarthrosis if they have a blood disorder, such as hemophilia. In addition, if your child is taking a blood thinner, such as warfarin, they are more at risk for hemarthrosis.