Menstrual issues are a set of general conditions that describe any abnormal menstrual cycle (period), including too heavy or too light flows and irregular or absent cycles.
Girls typically begin their menstruation around 12 years old, but it can arrive any time between 10 to 15 years old. Menstrual cycles can be irregular for the first two to three years after the arrival of the first cycle. Cycles can be altered as the brain adjusts to influences like puberty, rapid weight gain or loss, stress and other factors like illness.
Normal menstrual cycles last from three to seven days and may occur every 21 to 35 days. Girls will typically change their tampon, sanitary pad or menstrual cup three to six times a day.
Every girl has their own schedule of when they first begin menstruation, the timing and intensity of the flow and the arrival of each cycle. The key to understanding a normal menstrual cycle is consistency and the amount of the blood flow.
If cycles continue to be irregular after the third year of menstruation, or they impact well-being, a girl may seek treatment. These include:
Signs of menstrual issues will range in severity and duration, depending on the type of condition. Symptoms can include:
The main symptom of amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual cycles. Other symptoms may be part of conditions that are causing the menstrual flow to stop.
The cause of menstrual issues can range and will depend on the type of condition. Causes can include:
Treatment of the various menstrual disorders depends on the condition and goals of the patient.