Our commitment to keeping you safe

We have never taken for granted the sacred trust you place in us to care for your child, and today we are more grateful than ever for that privilege. To learn about all the ways we are working to keep you, your family and our team members safe, visit our COVID-19 updates page.

Congenital Ocular Anomalies

Congenital ocular anomalies are eye malformations that occur during a baby's development in the womb.

What are Congenital Ocular Anomalies?

Congenital (present at birth) ocular anomalies are eye malformations that happen during a baby's development in the womb. These eye malformations are present at birth and include a variety of noticeable irregularities and conditions of the eye.

What are the different types of Congenital Ocular Anomalies?

Several types of congenital ocular anomalies can occur, including:


Aniridia is partial or complete absence of the iris (colored part of the eye) in one or both eyes.


Anophthalmia is absence of one or both eyes.


Coloboma is optic fissure (narrow hole) that did not close in one of the structures of the eye (iris, retina, lens or choroid).


Microphthalmia is one or both eyes are smaller than average.

Optic nerve hypoplasia

Optic nerve hypoplasia is when optic nerve hasn't developed properly or is absent.

What are the signs and symptoms of Congenital Ocular Anomalies?

Symptoms for pediatric congenital ocular anomalies vary by type, but in general can include:

  • Abnormal appearance
  • Impaired vision