Anophthalmia is when a child is born without one or both eyes.
What is Pediatric Anophthalmia?
Anophthalmia is a rare condition that is marked by a child being born without one or both eyes — nothing will be present in the eye socket.
A child with this condition may have other birth defects and health conditions as well, including:
- Abnormal connection between the esophagus and trachea (tracheoesophageal fistula)
- Blocked esophagus (esophageal atresia)
- Brain abnormalities
- Delayed development of motor skills, including walking
- Learning disabilities
- Male genital abnormalities, such as undescended testes or micropenis (very small penis)
- Slow growth
What are the causes of Pediatric Anophthalmia?
Anophthalmia occurs during fetal development inside the mother’s womb, when one or both eyes do not properly form. This abnormality is typically due to a genetic mutation or abnormal chromosomes.