Pediatric Acute Kidney Injury
Pediatric acute kidney injury refers to the sudden loss of kidney function due to an underlying illness.
What is a Pediatric Acute Kidney Injury?
Acute (sudden) kidney injury, formerly called acute renal failure, occurs when a kidney is damaged suddenly due to an illness or condition – not because of a blow or injury to a kidney as the name might suggest. It’s a sudden onset of kidney failure that can happen within a few hours or days.
What are the signs and symptoms of a Pediatric Acute Kidney Injury?
What are the causes of a Pediatric Acute Kidney Injury?
Causes of acute kidney injury include:
Slow blood flow caused by:
- Blood or fluid loss
- Heart attack or heart failure
- Low blood pressure
- Major surgery
- Organ failure
- Overuse of NSAID pain medicines (ibuprofen, ketoprofen, naproxen)
- Severe allergic reactions
- Certain kidney diseases or conditions, including hemolytic uremic syndrome
- Multiple myeloma cancer (cancerous plasma cells)
- Scleroderma (diseases that affect connective tissues that support internal organs)
- Sepsis (life-threatening infection)
- Inflamed blood vessels, or “vasculitis,” which can scar blood vessels, making them stiff, weak and narrow
Blockage of the urinary tract caused by:
- Blood clots in the urinary tract
- Kidney stones
- Nervous system problems that affect the bladder
Pediatric Acute Kidney Injury Doctors and Providers