Edema is caused by extra fluid trapped within the body’s tissues, leading to swelling.
What is Pediatric Edema?
When there is excess fluid trapped within tissues of the body, edema – or swelling – can result. This condition can affect any part of a child’s body, but it most commonly occurs in the hands, arms, feet, ankles and legs.
What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Edema?
Signs and symptoms of edema may include:
- Increased abdominal size
- Skin that appears shiny
- Skin that retains a dimple (known as “pitting”) after being pressed for several seconds
- Stretched skin
- Swelling or puffiness of the tissue directly under the skin
What are the causes of Pediatric Edema?
The causes of edema are varied, and can include:
- Eating too much salt or salty foods
- Staying in the same position for an extended period of time
Medical conditions that can cause edema are:
- Cirrhosis (liver damage)
- Congestive heart failure
- Extreme, long-term protein deficiency
- Inadequate lymphatic system (network of vessels that carries a clear fluid called lymph from the tissues into the blood)
- Kidney damage
- Kidney disease
- Weakness or damage to veins in the legs
Being on certain medications can also cause edema. Medications that can cause swelling include:
- A type of diabetes medication knows as thiazolidinediones
- Estrogens (hormone medications)
- Hypertension (high blood pressure) medication
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)