What is Pediatric Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome?
In general, children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome will have limited lung growth due to rib deformities and curvature of the spine. In a baby with thoracic insufficiency syndrome, there are chest wall deformities that affect breathing and lung development. As these children grow, they will be dependent on nasal oxygen or ventilator support to breathe.
What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome?
Signs and symptoms of thoracic insufficiency syndrome vary according to the cause of the condition, and may include:
Fusion of two or more ribs
Short, narrow torso and rib cage
What are the causes of Pediatric Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome?
In many cases, this condition is caused by a baby being born with progressive scoliosis (curvature of the spine) and severe rib fusion. Other conditions that can cause thoracic insufficiency syndrome include:
Arthrogryposis – when two or more joints are permanently either bent or straight
Cerebrocostomandibular syndrome – rare disorder that causes a small jaw, malformations of the roof of the mouth, problems with the tongue and rib development problems