What is Pediatric Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)?
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is an opening between the two large blood vessels that go to the heart and lungs (ductus arteriosus). The ductus arteriosus is a naturally occurring connection between the two large blood vessels that go to the heart and lungs. Typically, the connection closes during development. Congenital (present at birth) patent ductus arteriosus occurs when a baby is born with an open (patent) connection.
When healthy, the heart cycles blood to and from the lungs and out into the body, using a series of "one-way streets" called valves. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) allows oxygen-rich blood back into the lungs rather than circulating out properly to the body. This causes the muscle to work harder, which can lead to heart and lung damage.
What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)?
Children with a small patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may not experience any symptoms, or the symptoms may go unnoticed until adulthood. Typically experienced during infancy (birth to 1 year*), symptoms can vary depending on the size of the opening, and if the baby is full-term or premature.
Symptoms can include:
- Poor eating, which leads to poor growth
- Sweating with crying or eating
- Persistent fast breathing or breathlessness
- Easy tiring
- Rapid heart rate
- Congested breathing
- Lung infections
The symptoms of Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may look like other medical conditions and heart problems. If you notice any of these signs in your child, it’s important to see a doctor right away.
*Age limit of infants defined by the World Health Organization (WHO).
How is Pediatric Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) diagnosed?
Accurately diagnosing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) helps us make sure your child gets the treatment he or she needs as quickly as possible. We start with a comprehensive exam, which may include one or more separate tests.
Your child’s physical evaluation may include:
- Questions about growth, development, family history and any recent illnesses
- Listening to the heart and lungs
- Observing symptoms
Diagnostic testing may include:
With expertise in every aspect of pediatric heart disease, Children’s Health℠ offers comprehensive pediatric heart care. Learn more about the full range of tests we offer in our cardiac imaging department.
What are the causes of Pediatric Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)?
Normally a patent ductus closes shortly after birth. In some children, the connection does not close. Although the exact reasons why this happens in some babies and not others is not known. It is more common in babies born prematurely.
How is Pediatric Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) treated?
Treating patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) often involves surgically closing the ductus arteriosus. In some cases, we use temporary treatments while we wait to see if the connection closes on its own. In older infants and children, we can close the connection using a catheter-based procedure.
Treatments for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) include:
- Medical management: Babies born prematurely may receive an intravenous (IV) medication called indomethacin to help the PDA close on its own.
- Nutrition: Premature babies and children with a large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may receive special formula or breast milk supplements to help them get enough nutrition to gain weight.
- Surgery: If other treatments aren’t working, your child may need surgery. In most cases, we perform patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure with minimally invasive techniques that use tiny incisions.
- Device treatment: We place small coils or plugs in the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) using a catheter that goes through a small incision in the leg.
Learn more about our cardiac catheterization and intervention program.