Our commitment to keeping you safe

We have never taken for granted the sacred trust you place in us to care for your child, and today we are more grateful than ever for that privilege. To learn about all the ways we are working to keep you, your family and our team members safe, visit our COVID-19 updates page.

Pediatric Head Trauma

What is Pediatric Head Trauma?

Head trauma is a broad term that describes a wide range of injuries that can occur to the head and brain. Head trauma is a leading cause of permanent disability and death in children.

What are the different types of Pediatric Head Trauma?

The many types of head trauma in children include:


This is an injury to the head that can cause instant loss of awareness or alertness for a few minutes or even a few hours after the trauma.


This is a bruise to the brain, which causes bleeding and swelling inside the brain.

Skull fracture

This is a break in the skull bone.

What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Head Trauma?

Symptoms of mild head trauma

Signs and symptoms of a mild head injury may include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Changes in sleep
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty balancing
  • Difficulty with memory or concentration
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Irritability
  • Nausea
  • Raised, swollen area from a bump or bruise
  • Sensitivity to noise and light
  • Small, shallow cut in the scalp
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)

Symptoms of moderate to severe head trauma

Signs and symptoms of a moderate to severe head injury may include:

  • Blood or clear fluid draining from the ears or nose
  • Changes in behavior
  • Difficulty walking
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Loss of short-term memory
  • Open wound in the head, such as a deep cut
  • Repeated nausea and vomiting
  • Severe, long-lasting headache
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Slurred speech
  • Sweating
  • Weakness on one side of the body

What are the causes of Pediatric Head Trauma?

Some typical causes of head trauma in children include:

Pediatric Head Trauma Doctors and Providers