Adolescent Trichomoniasis, also known as trich (pronounced "trick"), is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) that impacts both males and females.
If your teenager is sexually active, they may be at risk of contracting trichomoniasis, a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite called trichomonas vaginalis. The parasite is carried in sexual fluids and can be passed to and from both males and females.
In females, the infection affects their lower genital tract, including the vagina. In males, the infection affects their urethra (tube that carries urine out of the body). Trichomoniasis does not typically spread to other parts of the body, and stays in the genital tract.
In pregnant women who have trichomoniasis, their baby is more likely to be born preterm (early) and have a low birth weight.
Many times, a person with trichomoniasis does not have any symptoms. Even if a person does not have any symptoms, they can still pass the infection to others. When trichomoniasis does cause symptoms, they may range from mild to severe.
Typically, a pelvic exam is performed in the office where a swab of the vaginal secretions can be cultured and/or looked at under a microscope.
Trichomoniasis is caused by a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis that is found in or near a woman’s vagina and in a male’s penis. It is spread through sexual contact from penis to vagina, vagina to penis, or vagina to vagina. It doesn’t normally infect areas like the anus, hands or mouth.
There are several risk factors that increase the chance of getting trichomoniasis:
Trichomonas is treated with oral medication that your doctor can prescribe.