Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization
What is Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization?
Pediatric cardiac catheterization is a minimally invasive method of evaluating and treating heart problems using small tubes called catheters that are inserted into veins and arteries to reach the heart.
What are the benefits of Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization?
This method is useful for diagnosing many forms of congenital heart defects and reevaluating previously repaired heart defects. A specialized device may also be used to obtain biopsies of the heart muscle to detect the rejection of a transplanted heart.
What can I expect with Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization?
Cardiac catheterization uses X-rays to create images of the heart. Often a radiographic dye is injected through a catheter that has been placed in the heart or major blood vessels. Additionally measurements of pressures and oxygen levels within the heart chambers and veins and arteries are taken to assess the function of the heart and lungs.
What can I expect during Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization?
Most cardiac catheterization procedures are performed while the patient is asleep, and when necessary, sedative medications are administered to keep the patient comfortable and relaxed. Procedures also may require general anesthesia that is provided and monitored by a pediatric cardiac anesthesiologist.
Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization Doctors and Providers
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the benefits of diagnostic catheterizations?
Diagnostic catheterizations are used to determine the specific type of defects present, the need for surgery and the best treatment course for each patient.
What are the common catheterization treatment procedures?
Common catheterization treatment procedures, also known as interventions, include balloon dilation of narrowed heart valves, balloon dilation of narrowed arteries or veins, and insertion of stents that help to open narrowed blood vessels. We use Amplatzer, Helex and Cardioseal devices to close holes between the upper and lower chambers of the heart (ASD and VSD) and the Amplatzer PDA (patent ductus arteriosus) device. If appropriate, these types of catheterizations can prevent the need for open heart surgeries, resulting in less pain for the patient and shorter hospital stays.