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Strabismus Program


Contact Ophthalmology

The Ophthalmology department at Children's Health℠ provides basic eye examinations for children under 6, as well as for those with special needs.We offer premier patient care for dozens of eye disorders and diseases along with cutting-edge research and education. In addition to general ophthalmology, we offer the latest treatments and state-of-the-art equipment to care for children with strabismus.

Types of Strabismus

There are four main kinds of strabismus, depending on the type of misalignment.

Horizontal misalignment:

  • Esotropia is when one or both eyes turn inward (“crossed eyes”)
  • Exotropia occurs when one or both eyes turn outward ("wall-eyed")

Vertical misalignment:

  • Hypertropia is when the misaligned eye is higher than the normal eye
  • Hypotropia is when the misaligned eye is lower than the normal eye

Causes of Strabismus

There are six different muscles surrounding each eye. They normally work together so that both eyes can focus on the same spot. Strabismus results when these muscles don't work together. It is usually the result of an abnormality in the neuromuscular system that controls eye movement.

Sometimes, though, it can be due to problems with the eye muscles themselves. Most strabismus occurs in otherwise normal children, but kids with brain disorders such as cerebral palsy or Down syndrome are more likely to develop it.

What to Expect

At Children’s Health, we want your child to be as comfortable as possible. That’s why we’ve designed our ophthalmology clinic specifically with our young patients in mind.

An ophthalmologist will perform a complete eye exam to determine the extent of the strabismus. Tests include visual acuity tests, corneal light reflex tests and a retinal exam.

Strabismus is usually treated with corrective lenses, although surgery is an option in the case of muscle abnormalities.

Unless an outside ophthalmologist referred your child, all new patients are scheduled into our General Ophthalmology clinic. 

Appointment Information

Please bring the following information to your appointment:

  • Photo ID of the parent or legal guardian escorting the child
  • Insurance/Medicaid/CHIP card
  • All medications the patient is taking including prescription, over-the-counter and herbal
  • Immunization records
  • Glasses, if they have them
  • Specialist co-pay

Please allow extra time in your travel plans for parking and check-in. Also, be aware that eye exams requiring dilation can take as long as 3 hours.