When a disaster or tragedy occurs, your child will likely hear and see a lot about it. The news is everywhere, and certain topics might be discussed in school or by your child's friends. Certain events could raise anxiety, so parents should be prepared to talk about these to their children. Nicholas J. Westers, Psy.D., a Children's Health℠ clinical psychologist and Assistant Professor at UT Southwestern, recommends developing age-appropriate ways for parents to talk about tragic events with their children, and that parents monitor their children's exposure to the news.
Dr. Westers suggests that parents:
- Use this as a time to check in with your child. Ask them age-appropriate questions such as, "Have you heard about what's been going on in the news? What have you heard?" This can give you a chance to correct any myths or misperceptions to the best of your knowledge. You can also ask, "Has this affected you or anyone that you know?"
- Listen to your child without interrupting and encourage them to ask questions at their own level of understanding. It's OK to say you don't know all the answers. Even if you do know all the answers, it does not mean your child will comprehend them, so avoid overwhelming them with information that they may not understand. Most children want to know and feel they are safe. A detailed explanation of events doesn't always accomplish this.
- Don't downplay the seriousness of the situation or the significance of the event. Avoid simply saying things like "Don't worry; you'll be OK" because that signals to your child that the conversation is closed. Instead, keep the conversation open and validate your child's feelings, reinforcing that they can come to you for emotional support. For instance, "It sounds like you're worried. What are you most worried about?"
- As a parent, make it a priority to take care of yourself and model how to handle your own anxieties and stress. Parents can set an example by labeling their own emotions, verbalizing their own helpful ways of thinking in the moment, and then stating clearly how they are managing their feelings about the situation while brainstorming with their child how they can do the same. For instance, parents can say, "I'm a little worried about this, too. We will make it through this together and I will always work to keep you safe. What I'm doing to manage my own worry is [insert healthy coping here, e.g., making sure we have everything we need, taking deep breaths, eating healthy food, exercising, thinking about happier and calmer things, praying]. What do you think would help you?"
- Limit your child's amount of exposure to news about the event, especially those that focus on the destruction of the event. We should all take a break from news coverage at times for our own self-care, but this is especially important for younger children who may misinterpret repeated images in the news to mean the event is still happening or is happening again and again, causing them to feel even more anxious.
- Maintain routines as much as you can, like bedtime and playtime. Consistency amidst bad news and tragedy can help decrease anxiety in your child.
- Remind your child to "look for the helpers," as the late Mr. Rogers was known for saying (quoting his mother). Focus on the determination of the people working together in unity rather than on the devastation of the tragedy.
- Assist your child who wants to help, to help. Young children might feel happy to know that same-age children and families need encouragement, too. Perhaps writing an encouraging letter or drawing a picture for a child or family affected by the event could be their way of helping. This can foster a sense of self-efficacy, the sense that they can make a difference for the better even at their age. For older children and teens, working with various support organizations could be a valuable and more practical experience.
- If your child is significantly anxious and it persists for more than a couple weeks and interferes with their day-to-day functioning, seek help from a mental health professional.
If your child is old enough, watch limited news reports or read the news together to encourage conversation about the topic. However, be sure to take breaks and don't focus only on the damage and destruction caused by the event. PBS has helpful age-appropriate guidelines about how much news children should be watching and what they will understand about the news.