Pediatric Epispadias

Pediatric Epispadias

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Summary

Epispadias is a congenital (present at birth) condition in which the urethra does not fully form.

Expanded overview

Epispadias is a rare, congenital (present at birth) condition in which the urethra (tube that empties urine from the bladder) does not fully form. Therefore, the urine exits the body from an abnormal location.

In boys with this condition, the urethra typically opens on the top or side of the penis rather than on the tip. In girls with this condition, the urethra typically opens between the clitoris and the labia, but can also empty in the belly area.

Causes

Though the cause of epispadias is unknown, experts believe that the anomaly is related to improper development of the pubic bone.

Symptoms

Signs of this condition include:

  • Urine leaks after a child is potty trained (urinary incontinence)
  • Abnormal appearance of a boy's penis (may be short, wide or curved), or a girl's clitoris and labia 

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