Labial adhesions occur when the inner vaginal lips – known as the labia minora – become stuck together. The area affected may be small or extensive. Young children between the ages of 3 months and 6 years are most affected by this condition – which develops in about one percent of all females. The condition affects an estimated one percent of all girls, generally between the ages of 3 months and 6 years.
Though the cause of labial adhesions is unknown, irritation or inflammation of the labia – possibly from wet diapers or certain soaps – may cause them to fuse together, as well as low levels of estrogen, which affects the skin cells.
If your daughter has a labial adhesion, she may also experience:
Difficulty urinating or problems with urine leakage
Frequent bladder infections
Tests and Diagnosis
This condition may be discovered during a regular check-up and can be fully diagnosed through visual inspection.
For mild, asymptomatic cases – the condition may be left alone to resolve over time.
For moderate cases, in which the lower part of the vagina is covered, treatment may involve several weeks of mild ointment application and gentle separation.
For severe cases – in which the vaginal and/or urinary openings may be covered, your daughter’s doctor may prescribe an estrogen cream to dissolve the tissue. In rare cases, your daughter may need surgical separation.