Pediatric Craniofacial Malformations and Craniosynostosis

Pediatric Craniofacial Malformations and Craniosynostosis

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Summary

Craniofacial malformations – such as craniosynostosis – cause irregular growth of the head and facial bones.

Expanded overview

Craniofacial malformations include a wide range of deformities in the growth of the head and facial bones. These conditions are congenital (present at birth), and they range from mild to severe.

Causes 

In most cases, there are a variety of factors that can contribute to a craniofacial malformation. These factors include:

  • Environmental 
  • Folic acid deficiency during pregnancy
  • Genetics (some conditions are passed down through families)

Types 

There are several types of craniofacial malformations:

Symptoms 

The signs and symptoms of craniofacial malformations vary according to the specific condition, and may include:

  • Abnormal feeling or disappearing fontanel (soft spot on the top of the head)
  • Asymmetrical, misshapen skull
  • Development of a raised, hard ridge along the skull
  • Slow or no growth of the head as the baby grows

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