Pediatric Craniofacial Malformations and Craniosynostosis

Pediatric Craniofacial Malformations and Craniosynostosis

Pediatric Craniofacial Malformations and Craniosynostosis

Craniofacial malformations – such as craniosynostosis – cause irregular growth of the head and facial bones.

What are Pediatric Craniofacial Malformations and Craniosynostosis?

Craniofacial malformations include a wide range of deformities in the growth of the head and facial bones. These conditions are congenital (present at birth), and they range from mild to severe.

What are the different types of Pediatric Craniofacial Malformations and Craniosynostosis?

There are several types of craniofacial malformations:

Cleft lip

Cleft Lip is when the lip doesn’t completely form during fetal development.

Cleft palate

Cleft palate is when the roof of the mouth doesn’t completely close during fetal development.

Craniosynostosis

Craniosynostosis are soft spots in the infant’s skull close too early.

Deformational plagiocephaly

Deformational plagiocephaly is misshapen head due to repeated pressure on the same area.

Hemangioma

Hemangioma are abnormally growing blood vessels.

Hemifacial microsomia

Hemifacial microsomia is when tissue on one side of the face is underdeveloped.

Vascular malformation

Vascular malformation is a birthmark or growth that can involve several body systems.

What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Craniofacial Malformations and Craniosynostosis?

The signs and symptoms of craniofacial malformations vary according to the specific condition, and may include:

  • Abnormal feeling or disappearing fontanel (soft spot on the top of the head)
  • Asymmetrical, misshapen skull
  • Development of a raised, hard ridge along the skull
  • Slow or no growth of the head as the baby grows

What are the causes of Pediatric Craniofacial Malformations and Craniosynostosis?

In most cases, there are a variety of factors that can contribute to a craniofacial malformation. These factors include:

  • Environmental 
  • Folic acid deficiency during pregnancy
  • Genetics (some conditions are passed down through families)

Pediatric Craniofacial Malformations and Craniosynostosis Doctors and Providers