Pediatric Plantar Fasciitis

Pediatric Plantar Fasciitis

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Summary

Plantar fasciitis is an overuse injury that causes the plantar fascia (tendon on the bottom of the foot that connects the heel bone to the front of the foot) to ache.

Expanded overview

Plantar fasciitis heel pain typically occurs in young athletes that participate in sports involving a lot of jumping or running — such as dancers, long-distance runners and basketball players. The plantar fascia or arch tendon suffers trauma with every impact, causing it to swell and ache.

Causes

Plantar fasciitis is caused by the following:

  • Extra weight putting pressure on the feet
  • High arches, flat feet or other issues impacting the feet
  • High-impact pressure or stress activities
  • Improper footwear that doesn’t offer enough support or doesn’t properly fit
  • Improper stretching (warming up and cooling down)
  • Jobs that involve standing or walking on hard surfaces for long hours
  • Tight calf muscles

Symptoms

Symptoms will depend on the type and severity of the plantar fasciitis. Symptoms can include:

  • Pain at the bottom of the foot near the heel
  • Pain that increases after standing for long periods of time
  • Pain that worsens as the day goes on
  • Pain that is worse in the morning and improves after walking or stretching
  • Pain that is significantly worse after activity
  • Pain while stretching
  • Pain that increases when the arch or sides of the foot are touched
  • Pain that increases at night

 

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