Pediatric Genetic Ocular Diseases

Pediatric Genetic Ocular Diseases



Pediatric genetic ocular diseases are eye conditions that are inherited (passed down through families).

Expanded overview

Pediatric genetic ocular diseases are eye diseases that are genetically inherited (passed down from parent to child). There are several different types.


The most common types of inherited eye diseases in children include:

  • Congenital (present at birth) cataracts — cloudy eye lens, which is normally clear
  • Congenital glaucoma — fluid builds up in the eye, damaging the optic nerve
  • Congenital ocular anomalies — includes several types of eye malformations, such as missing or smaller than average eyes
  • Optic atrophy — permanent damage to the optic nerve fibers, which can cause blindness


Symptoms vary depending on the type of eye disease. Some of the general symptoms include:

  • Abnormal appearance
  • Fluid in eyes
  • Impaired vision  

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