Pediatric Congenital Ocular Anomalies
Pediatric congenital ocular anomalies are eye malformations that occur during a baby's development in the womb.
Congenital (present at birth) ocular anomalies are eye malformations that happen during a baby's development in the womb. These eye malformations are present at birth and include a variety of noticeable irregularities and conditions of the eye.
Several types of congenital ocular anomalies can occur, including:
- Aniridia – partial or complete absence of the iris (colored part of the eye) in one or both eyes
- Anophthalmia – absence of one or both eyes
- Coloboma – optic fissure (narrow hole) that did not close in one of the structures of the eye (iris, retina, lens or choroid)
- Microphthalmia – one or both eyes are smaller than average
- Optic nerve hypoplasia – optic nerve hasn't developed properly or is absent
Symptoms for pediatric congenital ocular anomalies vary by type, but in general can include:
- Abnormal appearance
- Impaired vision