Pediatric Congenital Ocular Anomalies

Pediatric Congenital Ocular Anomalies

Pediatric congenital ocular anomalies are eye malformations that occur during a baby's development in the womb.

What are Pediatric Congenital Ocular Anomalies?

Congenital (present at birth) ocular anomalies are eye malformations that happen during a baby's development in the womb. These eye malformations are present at birth and include a variety of noticeable irregularities and conditions of the eye.

What are the different types of Pediatric Congenital Ocular Anomalies?

Several types of congenital ocular anomalies can occur, including:

Aniridia

Aniridia is partial or complete absence of the iris (colored part of the eye) in one or both eyes.

Anophthalmia

Anophthalmia is absence of one or both eyes.

Coloboma

Coloboma is optic fissure (narrow hole) that did not close in one of the structures of the eye (iris, retina, lens or choroid).

Microphthalmia

Microphthalmia is one or both eyes are smaller than average.

Optic nerve hypoplasia

Optic nerve hypoplasia is when optic nerve hasn't developed properly or is absent.

What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Congenital Ocular Anomalies?

Symptoms for pediatric congenital ocular anomalies vary by type, but in general can include:

  • Abnormal appearance
  • Impaired vision