Pediatric Congenital Ocular Anomalies

Pediatric Congenital Ocular Anomalies

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Summary

Pediatric congenital ocular anomalies are eye malformations that occur during a baby's development in the womb.

Expanded overview

Congenital (present at birth) ocular anomalies are eye malformations that happen during a baby's development in the womb. These eye malformations are present at birth and include a variety of noticeable irregularities and conditions of the eye.

Types

Several types of congenital ocular anomalies can occur, including:

  • Aniridia – partial or complete absence of the iris (colored part of the eye) in one or both eyes
  • Anophthalmia – absence of one or both eyes
  • Coloboma – optic fissure (narrow hole) that did not close in one of the structures of the eye (iris, retina, lens or choroid)
  • Microphthalmia – one or both eyes are smaller than average
  • Optic nerve hypoplasia – optic nerve hasn't developed properly or is absent

Symptoms

Symptoms for pediatric congenital ocular anomalies vary by type, but in general can include:

  • Abnormal appearance
  • Impaired vision  

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