Anophthalmia is when a child is born without one or both eyes.
Anophthalmia is a rare condition that is marked by a child being born without one or both eyes — nothing will be present in the eye socket.
A child with this condition may have other birth defects and health conditions as well, including:
- Abnormal connection between the esophagus and trachea (tracheoesophageal fistula)
- Blocked esophagus (esophageal atresia)
- Brain abnormalities
- Delayed development of motor skills, including walking
- Learning disabilities
- Male genital abnormalities, such as undescended testes or micropenis (very small penis)
- Slow growth
Anophthalmia occurs during fetal development inside the mother’s womb, when one or both eyes do not properly form. This abnormality is typically due to a genetic mutation or abnormal chromosomes.