Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is bleeding into the brain’s ventricular system (the communication network), which can result from physical trauma or from hemorrhaging (bleeding) during a stroke.
Intraventricular hemorrhage can damage or kill areas of the brain that are critical to development and motor function. Intraventricular hemorrhage is a frequent cause of death in premature infants (babies born more than three weeks early).
The cause of IVH can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired (develops over time). A stroke (when blood flow to the brain is cut off and cells are damaged) is one cause of intraventricular hemorrhages.
Shaken baby syndrome (head trauma as a result of forcibly shaking a child age newborn to 5 years)
The hemorrhage can be arterial or venous:
Arterial bleeding – This type of hemorrhage results in additional loss of oxygen to tissue because arteries carry oxygenated blood to the heart. Arterial hemorrhages are harder to control than venous hemorrhages.
Venous bleeding – This type of hemorrhage affects the veins that return blood to the heart.
Symptoms of an intraventricular hemorrhage include: