Pediatric Head Trauma

Pediatric Head Trauma

Share:

Summary

Head trauma is a broad term that describes a wide range of injuries that can occur to the head and brain.

Expanded overview

Head trauma is a broad term that describes a wide range of injuries that can occur to the head and brain. Head trauma is a leading cause of permanent disability and death in children.

Causes

Some typical causes of head trauma in children include:

Types

The many types of head trauma in children include:

  • Concussion – This is an injury to the head that can cause instant loss of awareness or alertness for a few minutes or even a few hours after the trauma.
  • Contusion – This is a bruise to the brain, which causes bleeding and swelling inside the brain.
  • Skull fracture – This is a break in the skull bone.

Symptoms

Symptoms of mild head trauma

Signs and symptoms of a mild head injury may include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Changes in sleep
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty balancing
  • Difficulty with memory or concentration
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Irritability
  • Nausea
  • Raised, swollen area from a bump or bruise
  • Sensitivity to noise and light
  • Small, shallow cut in the scalp
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)

Symptoms of moderate to severe head trauma

Signs and symptoms of a moderate to severe head injury may include:

  • Blood or clear fluid draining from the ears or nose
  • Changes in behavior
  • Difficulty walking
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Loss of short-term memory
  • Open wound in the head, such as a deep cut
  • Repeated nausea and vomiting
  • Severe, long-lasting headache
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Slurred speech
  • Sweating
  • Weakness on one side of the body

Request Appointment