Pediatric Guillain-Barre Syndrome

Pediatric Guillain-Barre Syndrome

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Summary

Guillain-Barre syndrome causes the body’s immune system to attack the nerves, which can eventually lead to paralysis throughout the body.

Expanded overview

Guillain-Barre syndrome is a rare condition in which the body’s immune system attacks the nerves. Over time, the whole body can be paralyzed due to this condition. In advanced cases, this syndrome is a medical emergency.

Causes

Experts have not determined the cause of this syndrome. However, it is often preceded by an infectious illness, such as a respiratory infection or the stomach flu.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of this disorder can include:

  • Ache or cramp-like pain that may worsen at night
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Difficulty walking or inability to walk or climb stairs
  • Difficulty with eye or facial movements
  • Difficulty with speaking, chewing or swallowing
  • Low or high blood pressure
  • “Pins and needles” sensations in the fingers, toes, ankles or wrists
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Weakness in the legs that spreads to the upper body

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