Paralysis occurs when a child loses muscle function in a part of the body.
When a child does not have muscle function in a part of the body, this is known as paralysis. Paralysis can be temporary or permanent, and can affect any area of a child’s body. Paralysis may be more mild or severe.
Localized paralysis occurs when only one part of the child’s body – such as the face or hand – is affected. Generalized paralysis is when multiple body parts are impacted by the loss of muscle control.
Some children experience congenital (present at birth) paralysis due to birth defects, while others may develop paralysis later. Causes of later onset paralysis can include:
- Cerebral palsy
- Neurofibromatosis (NF)
- Polio (contagious disease that affects the brain and spinal cord)
- Traumatic brain injury
Signs and symptoms of paralysis are:
- Difficult or impossible to control an area of the body
- Loss of function in an area of the body
- Tingling or numbness in an area of the body