Pediatric Hemorrhagic Stroke

Pediatric Hemorrhagic Stroke



A hemorrhagic stroke is when a blood vessel ruptures (bursts) and blood accumulates in the tissue surrounding the rupture.

Expanded overview

A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is reduced or cut off completely for a period of time. When oxygen-rich blood can’t reach brain cells, they can die quickly. This can cause permanent brain damage.


One type of stroke is a hemorrhagic stroke. According to the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association, this accounts for about 13 percent of all strokes.

In a hemorrhagic stroke, a weakened blood vessel ruptures and bleeds into surrounding brain. The resulting blood pools and compresses the tissue.

Two types of hemorrhagic strokes can occur:

  • Intracerebral hemorrhage – This is a stroke that causes bleeding in the brain.
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage – This type of stroke causes bleeding within the subarachnoid space, the area between the brain and the tissues covering the brain.


Two forms of weakened blood vessels typically cause a hemorrhagic stroke:


Symptoms of a hemorrhagic stroke may include:

  • Dizziness
  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Loss of balance
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Problems with speech or swallowing
  • Seizures
  • Sudden, severe headache
  • Total or partial loss of consciousness
  • Weakness or tingling in the face, leg or arm on one side of the body

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