Pediatric Behavioral Neurology

Pediatric Behavioral Neurology



Behavioral neurology specialists assess and treat conditions related to behavior, memory and thinking.

Expanded overview

Behavioral neurology is a subspecialty of neurology. Specialists in the field of behavioral neurology focus on treating conditions related to a child’s behavior, memory and cognition (thinking).


The field of behavioral neurology encompasses three main classes, which are broken down further into specific conditions. These include:

  • Diffuse and multifocal brain disorders – This class of syndromes includes conditions like delirium and dementia.  
  • Neurobehavioral syndromes associated with focal brain lesions – This class includes conditions such as aphasia, amnesia, agnosia and apraxia.
  • Neuropsychiatric manifestations of neurological disorders – This class includes conditions such as depression, mania, psychoses, anxiety, personality changes and obsessive-compulsive disorders.


Doctors in behavioral neurology assess children with symptoms such as:

  • Aggressive behavior
  • Confusion
  • Delusions
  • Disorientation
  • Forgetfulness
  • Hallucinations
  • Language difficulties
  • Memory loss
  • Personality and behavior changes
  • Poor judgment
  • Poor problem-solving abilities
  • Tendency to get lost

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