Pediatric kidney failure is a condition in which 85 to 90 percent of kidney function is lost due to a condition or injury. It requires a transplant or dialysis for the kidney to function properly.
Kidneys play five key roles that are essential for good health:
When various conditions, diseases or injuries erode kidney function enough that kidneys fail, a patient will require a transplant or dialysis to function properly.
Kidney failure is not sudden, it takes place over time. Kidney failure is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. It’s also known as end stage renal failure or ESRD.
Symptoms of kidney failure include:
There are several causes of kidney failure at various stages and ages.
American Board of Pediatrics/Nephrology
Most people are born with two kidneys. Each kidney is about the size of your fist. The kidney is shaped like a bean.
Kidneys are located below the ribs on each side of the backbone. Each kidney connects to the bladder by a special tube called a ureter. The ureters connect to the bladder, which holds pee. From the bladder, pee flows out of the body through a tube called the urethra.
1. The kidneys clean our blood. As blood flows through the body, it picks up waste from the body and goes through the kidneys. The kidneys get rid of the waste through pee. The kidneys also keep or get rid of extra chemicals in the body.
These chemicals are called:
2. The kidneys help balance the fluid level of the body. Body fluid is mainly removed in the form of poee.
3. Kidneys also make important hormones called: