Glomerulopathy is a name for a group of conditions that affect the glomeruli in the kidneys and may cause kidney failure.
There are several conditions that can cause kidney problems by damaging the glomeruli (tiny filtering units located inside the kidneys). The glomeruli help the kidneys remove extra water and waste from the body, while keeping the good proteins and other important nutrients. When a child has a condition that affects the glomeruli, it is called glomerulopathy or a glomerular disease.
Pediatric glomerulopathy may be caused by:
- A systemic immune disease, such as lupus
- Alport syndrome
- Infection such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Polyarteritis nodosa (inflammatory disease of the arteries)
- Streptococcal infection, such as strep throat
- Wegener vasculitis (progressive inflammation of the organs)
The symptoms of glomerulopathy may include: