Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital Heart Disease



Congenital heart disease is a heart defect that is present at birth.

Expanded overview

Congenital heart disease, also known as congenital heart defect, occurs when a baby is born with a problem with the heart valve, chamber, septum (wall between the sides of a heart), or an artery.

Common types of heart defects

A congenital heart defect will have a variety of impacts on the body, depending on the specific problem. There are many types of defects, including the following commonly diagnosed forms:


Some of the common symptoms for congenital heart defects are listed below, but these will vary depending on the type of heart defect:

  • Cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the skin, fingernails and mouth due to lack of oxygen)
  • Heavy or rapid breathing
  • Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Swelling in the feet, ankles, abdomen or face
  • Fainting

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