A circumcision is a surgical procedure used to remove the normal foreskin covering the head of the penis. The current position of the American Academy of Pediatrics is that the benefits of circumcision outweigh the potential risks and this makes it a reasonable procedure to perform when desired by parents.
A variety of methods are available to perform a circumcision and your surgeon will describe the method they use. In children over 6 months of age, the procedure is done with general anesthesia, the foreskin is removed and a series of sutures is used to reattach the shaft skin.
If the testis has not descended into the scrotum by one years old, it is likely not to descend and surgery should be performed to bring the testes down into the scrotum. Most undescended testicles (UDT) are located in the groin canal and the surgery can successfully be performed on an outpatient basis.
Benefits include a decreased rate of urinary tract infections, possibly decreased rates of penile cancer and decreased transmission of certain sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV.
Risks of the surgery include bleeding, infection and injury to the penis or urethra.