Pediatric Esophagus or Trachea Cysts

Pediatric Esophagus or Trachea Cysts

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Summary

At first, most of these cysts have no symptoms but will eventually cause problems. Trouble begins when the cyst grows and pushes against the organs around it. This makes breathing and swallowing more difficult, causes pain and discomfort and may even affect how the heart works. Most of the time, the larger the cyst, the more trouble it creates.

Types

When it comes to cysts of the esophagus and the trachea there are two types:

  • Simple cysts - made up of an extra layer of the tissue that lines cavities and organs in the body, called epithelium
  • Duplication cysts - made of two layers of supporting tissue and muscle.

Both types are rare, but happen most often in the neck, chest, and abdomen.

Testing and Diagnosis

New technologies, like ultrasound and computer-assisted scans (CT) , make diagnosis and treatment more effective and accurate.

Treatment

Results are improved by minimally invasive surgeries that use compact tools, miniature cameras and small cuts.  All cysts of the esophagus or trachea should be looked at by a doctor, and may need to be drained or removed. They can be easily taken care of with surgery, using small cuts and cameras to guide the doctor.

 

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