Pediatric Spleen Cysts

Pediatric Spleen Cysts

Dallas

214-456-6040
Fax: 214-456-6320
Suite F5200

Plano

469-303-4200
Fax: 469-303-4225
Suite P1100

Park Cities

469-488-7000
Fax: 469-488-7001
Suite 106

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What are Pediatric Spleen Cysts?

Cysts in the spleen are very rare but can be caused by trauma or infection.  Occasionally they occur without any obvious cause.  They can cause pain or fever if they become infected. Simple cysts can sometimes be treated with an injection of a substance that causes them to scar down and go away, while others may need to be removed. 

Since the spleen helps to fight certain types of infection, patients who need a scheduled splenectomy should be appropriately vaccinated by their pediatrician or hematologist before surgery.

How are Pediatric Spleen Cysts treated?

Surgery

Depending on the nature of the cyst, it might require removal of part or all of the spleen (splenectomy).  A splenectomy is occasionally required if the spleen is ruptured and bleeding. 

Most patients who undergo a splenectomy need it because they have a hemoglobin disease (hemoglobinopathy) like hereditary spherocytosis or sickle cell disease. In these diseases, the spleen may need to be removed if it consumes red blood cells at a rate that causes the patient to have a symptomatic anemia

This operation can frequently be done using a minimally invasive (laparoscopic) technique but may need to be done with an open incision.

Pediatric Spleen Cysts Doctors and Providers