Pediatric Chest Tumors

Pediatric Chest Tumors

Pediatric Chest Tumors

Dallas

214-456-6040
Fax: 214-456-6320
Suite F5200

Plano

469-303-4200
Fax: 469-303-4225
Suite P1100

Park Cities

469-488-7000
Fax: 469-488-7001
Suite 106

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What are Pediatric Chest Tumors?

Most malignant tumors of the chest involve the thymus and are classified as thymoma or thymic carcinoma. Many thymomas are benign though other chest tumors exhibit a range of malignant potential.

Thymus tumors are usually found in the anterior mediastinum. A child may have a cough, difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath and chest pain or tightness. Thymic carcinoma is much more likely to invade tissue and metastasize. The cancer has several subtypes and is extremely rare in children.

What are different types of Pediatric Chest Tumors?

Other tumors of the chest that occur in children include:

  • Neuroblastomas is a common pediatric solid tumor and can occur in the nerve tissue of the chest
  • Rhabdomyosarcomas are rare soft tissue tumors that can arise in the trunk and chest wall
  • Extragonadal germ cell tumors are rare, but often misdiagnosed. They can form along the child’s midline, including the mediastinal area. Extragonadal germ cell tumors are more common in boys than girls and usually occur in young adults. Diagnosing them is difficult, and includes ruling out gonadal origin.
  • Hodgkin lymphoma may first be noted by swollen lymph nodes in the chest and underarm. It is more common for adolescents and young adults to have mediastinal involvement in Hodgkin lymphoma than for young children.
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children and adolescents also can have mediastinal involvement. Those who do often have a poorer outcome than adults who have mediastinal signs of disease.

How are Pediatric Chest Tumors diagnosed?

Both CT guidance and mediastinoscopy are used for biopsy, which confirms whether a chest tumor is malignant.

How are Pediatric Chest Tumors treated?

Treatment of childhood chest tumors is complex. Malignant thymus tumors usually are treated with resection, including thymus removal, followed by radiation therapy for invasive thymoma and thymic carcinoma.

If you detect a chest mass in a young patient, you will want to turn to pediatric oncologists, pediatric surgeons and other specialists who can manage the complex cancers. Children’s Health is staffed by expert and experienced specialists who are faculty at UT Southwestern Medical Center.

The Pauline Allen Gill Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, or Gill Center, is a world-class and nationally recognized leader in pediatric cancer research.

 

Pediatric Chest Tumors Doctors and Providers