Conditions We Treat in General Surgery

Conditions We Treat in General Surgery

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Pediatric Achalasia

Pediatric Achalasia is a neurological disorder affecting the nerves throughout the entire length of the esophagus. It forces the lower esophageal sphincter, called the LES, to remain closed during swallowing, preventing the esophagus from moving food toward the stomach.

Pediatric Anorectal Malformations (Imperforate Anus)

Pediatric anorectal malformations (imperforate anus) happens when a baby’s anus and rectum do not form correctly. These malformations occur while a baby is still developing in the mother’s womb and can affect both boys and girls.

Pediatric Appendicitis

Pediatric appendicitis means the appendix is infected and inflamed. Acute appendicitis can cause abdominal pain and is a leading cause of emergency pediatric abdominal surgery.

Pediatric Biliary Atresia

Biliary atresia occurs when there is blockage of a baby's bile ducts, which are the tubes that lead out of the liver. Normally, the liver removes toxins, fats and other substances and sends them out through the bile ducts to the gallbladder, which is an organ that aids in digestion.

Pediatric Biliary Tract Problems

The biliary tract regulates the flow of digestive juices between the gallbladder (an organ that helps in digestion), the tubes in the liver that connect to the gallbladder, which are called the bile ducts, and the small intestine.

Pediatric Branchial Cleft Cysts

Branchial cleft cysts occur in the neck area, usually just under the jaw, and develop before the baby is born. These types of cysts can be lumps, but they also can also look like pits or open spaces on either side of the neck.

Pediatric Chest Tumors

Most malignant tumors of the chest involve the thymus and are classified as thymoma or thymic carcinoma. Many thymomas are benign though other chest tumors exhibit a range of malignant potential.

Pediatric Choledochal Cysts

Pediatric choledochal cysts (bile duct) cysts enlarge the channel near the liver and lower bowels, which is used by the body to transport bile for digestion.

Pediatric Collapsed Lung (Pneumothorax)

A collapsed lung, or pneumothorax, happens when air escapes the lung, most often because of an injury. The escaped air fills the space between the lung and chest wall, making it difficult for the lung to expand to its normal size.

Pediatric Congenital Lung Lesions

Abnormal lung tissue, in the form of multiple bubbles (cysts), is frequently found prior to birth by a routine prenatal ultrasound. These are called congenital lung lesions or cysts.

Pediatric Crohn's Disease

Pediatric crohn's disease is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks healthy tissue in the digestive tract. It’s a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Pediatric Cystic Hygroma

A cystic hygroma (CH) is a lymphatic lesion that usually affects the head and neck and is caused by the obstruction of a lymphatic drainage pathway.

Pediatric Esophagus or Trachea Cysts

When it comes to cysts of the esophagus - or the food pipe - and the trachea ( the air pipe), there are two kinds: simple cysts, made up of an extra layer of the tissue that lines cavities and organs in the body, called epithelium, and duplication cysts, made of two layers of supporting tissue and muscle.

Pediatric Gastroschisis

Gastroschisis usually is diagnosed before birth. The condition, in which the newborn’s intestines protrude from the abdomen, is a serious congenital defect. Once a diagnosis of gastroschisis is made, the fetus should be carefully monitored and the infant’s delivery and repair should be planned.

Pediatric Hirschsprung's Disease

Children with Hirschsprung's disease are born with missing nerve cells at the end of their bowels. Learn more about Hirschprung's disease from Children's Health.

Pediatric Hydrocele

A hydrocele is a fluid-filled sac that forms around a testicle and causes the scrotum to swell. Learn more about this usually painless condition.

Pediatric Inguinal Hernia (Groin)

Inguinal hernias in children occur when the pathway from the abdomen to the scrotum or labia does not close. In boys, the testicles develop in the abdomen and then travel through this pathway into the scrotum. In girls, the round ligament of the uterus follows the same path.

Pediatric Intestinal Disorders

Intestinal disorders cover a wide range of conditions that impact a child’s intestines, growth and digestion. Learn more about types, causes and symptoms.

Pediatric Intestinal Atresias and Duplications

The first part of the small intestine (just past the stomach) is the duodenum. After that is the jejunum and then the ileum. Finally, the ileum empties into the colon. Anywhere along its length, the intestine can form a blockage before the baby is born. This blockage is usually where one segment is not connected to the rest and is called an atresia.

Pediatric Intussusception

Pediatric intussusception occurs when one part of a child's intestine pokes into and obstructs or blocks another segment of the intestine.

Pediatric Kidney Tumors

Kidney tumors are rare in children, with Wilms tumor, or nephroblastoma, occurring most often.

Pediatric Lipomas (Skin Lesions)

Pediatric lipomas are lumps of fat cells, located right under the skin, that can occur anywhere on a child’s body. Learn more about this benign, moveable bump.

Pediatric Liver Cysts

Liver cysts are rare, bubble-like defects in the liver tissue. They are usually non-cancerous and require no treatment, unless they are large. They can be associated with infection and may need to be drained.

Pediatric Lung Cysts

Abnormal lung tissue, in the form of multiple bubbles (cysts), is frequently found prior to birth by a routine prenatal ultrasound.

Pediatric Lymphangioma

Pediatric lymphangiomas also known as lymphatic malformations, are cystic structures most commonly present as a lump in the head, neck or armpit areas. These cystic masses can be made up of many small cysts or just a few larger cysts and contain thin fluid.

Pediatric Meckel’s Diverticulum

Meckel’s diverticulum are pouches in the intestines that are leftover tissue from the development of the digestive system. Learn more.

Pediatric Neck Cysts and Lymph Nodes

The majority of neck masses in children are due to enlarged lymph nodes. The rest are comprised of benign, usually congenital, cystic malformations.

Pediatric Neck Tumors

If you suspect a rare thyroid or other cancer in a child’s neck, you can consult with our team of specialists to confirm the diagnosis or refer your patient to our multidisciplinary team for evaluation and management.

Pediatric Neuroblastoma

Of all childhood cancers, neuroblastoma is the most common type that occurs outside of the brain and skull. Still, only about 700 cases of the tumor, which forms in nerve tissue, are diagnosed in children each year.

Pediatric Omphalocele

Omphalocele usually is diagnosed before birth. The condition, in which the newborn’s abdominal muscles around the umbilicus do not develop properly, can be a serious congenital defect. The severity of the defect varies.

Pediatric Ovarian Cysts

Doctors usually find cysts of the ovary during a physical exam; ultrasound images can confirm exactly where they are. Children and adolescent girls with ovarian cysts may have pain in side of the lower abdomen, but often they might not have any pain or other symptoms at all.

Pediatric Ovarian Tumors

Ovarian tumors are benign or malignant (cancerous) masses that form on one or both of a girl’s ovaries. Learn more about the risk factors and symptoms.

Pediatric Pancreatic Cysts

The pancreas is an organ that produces hormones and helps the digestive system. Cysts - small saclike lumps - in the pancreas are rare in children.

Pediatric Pancreatic Tumors

Tumors develop and behave differently in children and adults, and cancer is rare in children and adolescents. Tumors arising in the pancreas are extremely rare in children. You will most likely need to consult a specialist.

Pediatric Pectus Carinatum (Pigeon Chest)

Pectus carinatum is an abnormal growth of rib cartilage that pushes the sternum out, away from the ribs. Also known as “pigeon chest”, pectus carinatum is identified by examination of the sternum (breastbone) which has a characteristic protrusion, causing the chest to grow outward. The condition rarely affects the function of the heart and lungs.

Pediatric Pectus Excavatum (Sunken Chest)

Pectus excavatum often requires surgery. Pectus excavatum surgeons are committed to providing the best care for your child. Also known as “funnel chest”, pectus excavatum is an abnormal growth of rib cartilage that causes the sternum (breastbone) to drop inward, resulting in a depression in the chest.

Pediatric Pelvic Tumors

When you suspect or detect a rare tumor in a pediatric patient’s pelvic area, you will want to consult with or refer your patient to a team of experts in rare childhood cancers.

Pediatric Phimosis

Phimosis means that the skin covering the head of the penis (foreskin) cannot be fully retracted. Learn more about this condition.

Pediatric Pilomatrixoma

A pilomatrixoma is a benign tumor of the hair follicle. They usually present as a hard lump just beneath the skin. The majority of these masses are located on the head or neck. These small tumors usually do not cause symptoms but can become tender or painful when they are infected.

Pediatric Pyloric Stenosis

The pylorus is the opening between the stomach and the small intestine. Sometimes, the opening narrows or gets thicker, causing pyloric stenosis.

Pediatric Rhabdomyosarcoma

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare childhood cancer of the soft tissue. It typically begins in muscle attached to bone. Most children diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma are newborn to 14 years old, but a percentage of cases are diagnosed in adolescents and young adults between 15 and 19 years old.

Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)

Children inherit sickle cell disease (SCD) from their parents. SCD is a particular type of blood disease that causes anemia. Children with SCD have abnormal red blood cells, which are the cells that carry oxygen in the blood.

Pediatric Spleen Cysts

Cysts in the spleen are very rare but can be caused by trauma or infection. Occasionally they occur without any obvious cause. They can cause pain or fever if they become infected.

Pediatric Thymus Tumors

Most malignant tumors of the thymus, a gland located in the neck, are classified as thymoma or thymic carcinoma. Most thymomas are benign. Other tumors affecting the thymus are lymphomas and germ cell tumors.

Pediatric Thyroglossal Duct Cysts

Pediatric thyroglossal duct cysts, or bumps in the neck area, are congenital, meaning babies are born with them. These types of cysts can cause breathing and swallowing problems in newborns.

Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis

Pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) causes ulcers and inflammation in the inner lining of the child’s colon and rectum. UC causes tiny sores in the large intestine lining, which bleed and produce mucus and pus.

Pediatric Undescended Testes (UDT)

An undescended testicle (cryptorchidism) occurs when a baby boy is born with one of his testicles not having moved into its proper place in the scrotum. Learn more.

Pediatric Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma)

Only about 500 cases of Wilms tumors are diagnosed each year in the United States, mostly in children ages three to four years old. The rare childhood tumor of the kidney, also called nephroblastoma, may be associated with several genetic alterations and syndromes.

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