Pediatric microbiome imbalance describes a problem with the ratio of bacteria in the stomach (gut), which can result in a number conditions.
The human body needs the appropriate balance of microbes in the stomach (gut flora) in order to properly function. These good bacteria help babies digest breast milk. They also help people of all ages process energy and nutrients from food, and break down fiber to help prevent weight gain, heart disease and decrease the risk of cancer. The microbes also help immune cells communicate during illness, stop the growth of harmful microorganisms and improve brain function.
Microbial overgrowth occurs when a child has too much “bad” – typically inflammatory – gut bacteria or too much yeast.
Microbial undergrowth occurs when a child doesn’t have enough bacteria – good and bad.
Symptoms of microbiome imbalance include the following:
Children with dysbiosis sometimes have other, related conditions, including:
An imbalance, also known as dysbiosis, can occur for the following reasons: