Pediatric Wilson’s Disease

Pediatric Wilson’s Disease

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What is Wilson's disease?

Wilson’s disease causes copper to gather in the liver, brain and other major organs.

How common is Wilson's disease?

Wilson’s disease is a rare condition that causes copper to gather in the liver, brain and other major organs of the body. In most cases, Wilson’s disease is diagnosed in people between the ages of 5 and 35, but it can be diagnosed at any age.

Some copper is vital to bodily functions, as it is important for healthy nerves, bones and skin pigmentation. However, if a person has Wilson’s disease, copper isn’t processed normally and the levels accumulate.

Can Wilson's disease be cured?

If the condition is diagnosed accurately and quickly, a person with this condition can be healthy and live a normal life.

What causes Wilson's disease?

A gene mutation that is hereditary (passed down in families) causes Wilson’s disease.

What are the signs and symptoms of Wilson's disease?

Signs and symptoms of Wilson’s disease include:

  • Decreased appetite
  • Difficulty with speech, swallowing or mobility
  • Excess fluid in the legs or abdomen
  • Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Jaundice 
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Muscle spasms or muscle stiffness

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