Pediatric Gilbert’s Disease
What is Gilbert’s disease?
Gilbert’s disease is a liver disorder in which bilirubin is not properly processed.
How common is Gilbert’s disease?
A fairly common condition, Gilbert’s disease is typically harmless. In children with this condition, the liver does not properly process bilirubin, which is a normal byproduct of the breakdown of red blood cells. This condition is also known as constitutional hepatic dysfunction or familial nonhemolytic jaundice.
What causes Gilbert’s disease?
A gene mutation that is hereditary (passed down in families) causes Gilbert’s disease. There are certain conditions and situations that can lead to increased bilirubin levels. These include:
- Cold or flu
- Fasting or eating too few of calories
- Not getting enough sleep
- Vigorous exercise
What are the symptoms for Gilbert’s disease?
The only symptom of Gilbert’s disease is jaundice, which is caused by the increased levels of bilirubin in the child’s blood.