Pediatric Gilbert’s Disease

Pediatric Gilbert’s Disease


What is Gilbert’s disease?

Gilbert’s disease is a liver disorder in which bilirubin is not properly processed.

How common is Gilbert’s disease?

A fairly common condition, Gilbert’s disease is typically harmless. In children with this condition, the liver does not properly process bilirubin, which is a normal byproduct of the breakdown of red blood cells. This condition is also known as constitutional hepatic dysfunction or familial nonhemolytic jaundice.

What causes Gilbert’s disease?

A gene mutation that is hereditary (passed down in families) causes Gilbert’s disease. There are certain conditions and situations that can lead to increased bilirubin levels. These include:

  • Cold or flu
  • Dehydration
  • Fasting or eating too few of calories
  • Menstruation
  • Not getting enough sleep
  • Stress
  • Vigorous exercise

What are the symptoms for Gilbert’s disease?

The only symptom of Gilbert’s disease is jaundice, which is caused by the increased levels of bilirubin in the child’s blood. 


Gilbert's Syndrome

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