Pediatric Microbiome Imbalance
Pediatric microbiome imbalance describes a problem with the ratio of bacteria in the stomach, which can result in a number conditions.
The human body needs the appropriate balance of microbes in the stomach (gut flora) in order to properly function. These good bacteria help babies digest breast milk. They also help people of all ages process energy and nutrients from food, and break down fiber to help prevent weight gain, heart disease and decrease the risk of cancer. The microbes also help immune cells communicate during illness, stop the growth of harmful microorganisms and improve brain function.
An imbalance, also known as dysbiosis, can occur for the following reasons:
- Celiac disease
- Chronic illnesses (fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, neuromuscular disorders and autoimmune disease)
- Crohn’s disease
- Food poisoning
- Food sensitivities (gluten, casein, lactose and fructose)
- Infection (bacterial gastroenteritis)
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Scarring from surgeries
- Scleroderma (hardening of skin and connective tissues)
Symptoms of microbiome imbalance include the following: