Pediatric Encephalocele

Pediatric Encephalocele

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Summary

Pediatric encephalocele happens when a part of the brain protrudes through an opening in the skull.

Expanded overview

Pediatric encephalocele is a craniofacial defect that happens when a part of a child’s brain protrudes through an opening in the skull. The opening can happen anywhere on the skull, including the face.

Causes

Encephalocele happens early in pregnancy, when the neural tube (the space that connects the brain and spinal cord) does not close. This allows for part of the brain, and the membrane that covers the brain, to herniate (protrude) through the opening.

Symptoms

The main symptom of an encephalocele is a visual portion of the brain and membrane seen in a sac protruding from the skull.

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