Pediatric Edema

Pediatric Edema

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Summary

Edema is caused by extra fluid trapped within the body’s tissues, leading to swelling.

Expanded overview

When there is excess fluid trapped within tissues of the body, edema – or swelling – can result. This condition can affect any part of a child’s body, but it most commonly occurs in the hands, arms, feet, ankles and legs.

Causes

The causes of edema are varied, and can include:

  • Eating too much salt or salty foods
  • Staying in the same position for an extended period of time

Medical conditions that can cause edema are:

Being on certain medications can also cause edema. Medications that can cause swelling include:

  • A type of diabetes medication knows as thiazolidinediones
  • Estrogens (hormone medications)
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) medication
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Steroids

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of edema may include:

  • Increased abdominal size
  • Skin that appears shiny
  • Skin that retains a dimple (known as “pitting”) after being pressed for several seconds
  • Stretched skin

Swelling or puffiness of the tissue directly under the skin

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