Pediatric Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

Pediatric Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

Share:

Summary

Pediatric cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a very common herpes virus, but can cause serious problems for newborns.

Causes

The CMV virus is spread from person to person by contact with infected saliva, semen, urine and vaginal fluid.

Types

  • Congenital - passed along to the unborn baby during pregnancy
  • Perinatal - passed along to a newborn during delivery or through breastmilk

Symptoms

Congenital CMV

  • Broken blood vessels (under the skin)
  • Eye problems
  • Hearing loss
  • Small head
  • Enlarged liver and spleen
  • Jaundice

Most newborns do not have symptoms. 

Perinatal CMV

  • Abnormal blood test results
  • Enlarged liver and spleen
  • Pneumonitis (swelling of the lungs)

Symptoms are usually seen in very premature or sick newborns between 3 weeks - 6 months.

Test and Diagnosis

  • Amniotic fluid testing
  • Blood work (CBC, liver function)
  • CT
  • Eye exam
  • Hearing test
  • Saliva and urine cultures