An abdominal mass is an abnormal growth that is cancerous or non-cancerous, located in part of your child’s abdomen. Learn more.
Conditions and Treatments
Anencephaly is a type of neural tube birth defect in which part of the brain and the skull are not fully developed. Learn how this can affect your child’s health.
Pediatric anorectal malformations (inperforate anus) happens when a baby’s anus and rectum do not form correctly. These malformations occur while a baby is still developing in the mother’s womb and can affect both boys and girls.
Achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a rare genetic disorder causing cartilage to not form normally.
Biliary atresia occurs when there is blockage of a baby's bile ducts, which are the tubes that lead out of the liver. Normally, the liver removes toxins, fats and other substances and sends them out through the bile ducts to the gallbladder, which is an organ that aids in digestion.
Bladder outlet obstruction is a blockage of urine flow in the urethra that can occur in unborn babies and children. Learn more.
Chronic lung disease means that there is damage to the newborn’s lungs. The lungs trap air, collapse, fill with fluid or produce extra mucus, making it hard for the infant to breathe.
Learn the types of pediatric cloacal exstrophy, a birth defect where the abdominal organs may be located on the outside of the body.
Infants with atresias require surgery to reconnect the segments that aren’t properly formed, allowing food to flow through the intestine all the way from the mouth to the rectum.
Pediatric congenital diaphragmatic hernia is an opening in the diaphragm. The diaphragm is the muscle that separates the chest and the abdomen.
A congenital infection is caused by a virus that is passed to a baby during pregnancy or delivery. Learn the types and symptoms.
Learn about congenital pulmonary airway malformation, and how the non-cancerous lung masses impact children and their quality of life.
Pediatric cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a very common herpes virus, but can cause serious problems for newborns.
Treating duodenal atresia requires special expertise. Our team will work closely with you to diagnose an atresia and discuss repair plans. Our NICU program has received Level IV designation, and we perform these complex surgical repairs onsite.
Pediatric encephalopathy is inflammation of the brain that can cause brain damage. Learn more.
Pediatric encephalitis is inflammation of the brain that can be caused by a myriad of other conditions. Learn about its symptoms and long-term effects.
Esophageal atresia is a malformation that obstructs the upper esophagus. The atresia causes the child to have difficulties with swallowing and eating. Many newborns with esophageal atresia also have congenital heart defects, rectal or spinal malformations and kidney problems.
In the fetal neonatology program at Children’s Health, a highly complex treatment is performed by specially trained staff to help improve outcomes for critically ill newborns and infants.
When you diagnose a life-threatening congenital abnormality or mass in an obstetric patient’s fetus, such as a high-risk lung lesion, you now have the choice of referring your patient for fetal surgery and ex utero intrapartum treatment, or EXIT.
Gastroschisis usually is diagnosed before birth. The condition, in which the newborn’s intestines protrude from the abdomen, is a serious congenital defect. Once a diagnosis of gastroschisis is made, the fetus should be carefully monitored and the infant’s delivery and repair should be planned.
Pediatric hemophilia is a condition where a child can not stop bleeding due to the blood's inability to clot normally.
Hydrocephalus literally means “water on the brain.” In this case, though, the “water” is really a fluid that protects the brain.
Hydrops is severe swelling in the body tissues of a fetus or newborn. Find out what causes hydrops and learn the symptoms.
Hyperbilirubinemia is also known as jaundice. It a yellowish tint to your child’s skin and eyes. It is seen in approximately half of newborn babies, usually during the first 5 days of life. Most of the time it is mild and usually goes away within a week or so.
A hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) brain injury may occur when a newborn’s brain does not receive enough oxygen during birth. Learn more.
Anywhere along the length of the small intestine, including the duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon, the intestine can form a blockage before an infant is born. This blockage usually occurs where one segment is not connected to the other segments, and is called an atresia. Jejunal and ileal atresias are most common, followed by duodenal and colon atresias.
Lordosis, or swayback, is a type of spinal curve that causes the buttocks to stick out prominently. Learn how this can affect your child’s health.
Meconium aspiration happens when a newborn inhales feces found in the amniotic fluid before, during or after birth. Find out if your baby is at risk.
Hypotonia, also called floppy muscle syndrome, means low muscle tone. Find out what causes the condition.
A mediastinal mass is a rare growth that can be noncancerous or cancerous, located in the area of the chest that contains the breastbone, spine, heart, esophagus and thymus. Learn more.
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NE or sometimes NEC) is a rare condition that damages or kills cells and tissues in the colon or lower intestines. Most children are successfully treated and go on to live healthy lives.
ONTDs or Open neural tube defects are problems in which the brain, spinal cord, or spine forms while a baby is growing in the mother’s uterus occurring in about 1 in every 1,500 newborn babies yearly.
Malignant and benign tumors in infants are rare, and when you notice a mass on a fetus during routine ultrasonography or notice symptoms in a fetus that might indicate a tumor, you may want to consult a physician who specializes in performing high-risk fetal and neonatal procedures.
Noonan syndrome is a genetic disorder that prevents normal growth and development, and causes heart problems and multiple other conditions. Learn more.
Omphalocele usually is diagnosed before birth. The condition, in which the newborn’s abdominal muscles around the umbilicus do not develop properly, can be a serious congenital defect. The severity of the defect varies.
Find out what causes persistent pulmonary hypertension, a condition that causes a newborn’s lungs to not function properly after birth.
Learn the causes and effects of prematurity — when a baby is born before 37 weeks’ gestation.
Find out how prenatal drug exposure can cause permanent damage to a fetus and lasting effects for a child.
Pediatric pulmonary sequestration is a mass on the lungs that continues to grow and can move the organs. Learn how this impacts a child’s life.
The pylorus is the opening between the stomach and the small intestine. Sometimes, the opening narrows or gets thicker, causing pyloric stenosis.
A renal malformation is a birth defect that affects the kidneys and the way they function. Learn how this can affect your child’s health.
Pediatric respiratory distress syndrome is a breathing disorder that affects premature newborns. Learn the risk factors and symptoms.
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a condition that causes abnormal blood vessels to grow in the retina of premature infants. Learn the risk factors.
Pediatric Rubella (German measles) is a viral illness that causes a mild fever and a skin rash. When a child is born with rubella, it can cause severe birth defects. Learn more.
Sepsis and meningitis are dangerous infections that can lead to severe brain injury or death in newborns. Learn the risk factors, including group B strep.
Learn the types and causes of pediatric skeletal dysplasias and abnormalities, which affect the way a fetus’ bones and joints develop.
Tay-Sachs disease is a rare, inherited condition that causes damage to the brain and spinal cord. Learn how this can affect your child’s health.
Tracheoesophageal fistula is a rare congenital defect. You may want to consult a specialist who has experience performing high-risk fetal and neonatal surgery.
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