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Conditions We Treat


Anorectal Malformation (Fetal)

The congenital defect of imperforate anus is rare and likely caused by abnormal fetal development. More male infants than female infants are born with a defect in their anal opening.

Pediatric Biliary Atresia

Biliary atresia occurs when there is blockage of a baby's bile ducts, which are the tubes that lead out of the liver. Normally, the liver removes toxins, fats and other substances and sends them out through the bile ducts to the gallbladder, which is an organ that aids in digestion.

Chronic Lung Disease

Chronic lung disease means that there is damage to the newborn’s lungs. The lungs trap air, collapse, fill with fluid or produce extra mucus, making it hard for the infant to breathe.

Cloacal Exstrophy

Learn the types of pediatric cloacal exstrophy, a birth defect where the abdominal organs may be located on the outside of the body.

Colon Atresia

Infants with atresias require surgery to reconnect the segments that aren’t properly formed, allowing food to flow through the intestine all the way from the mouth to the rectum.

Congenital Infections

A congenital infection is caused by a virus that is passed to a baby during pregnancy or delivery. Learn the types and symptoms.

Duodenal Atresia

Treating duodenal atresia requires special expertise. Our team will work closely with you to diagnose an atresia and discuss repair plans. Our NICU program has received Level IV designation, and we perform these complex surgical repairs onsite.


Pediatric encephalopathy is inflammation of the brain that can cause brain damage. Learn more.


Pediatric encephalitis is inflammation of the brain that can be caused by a myriad of other conditions. Learn about its symptoms and long-term effects.

Esophageal Atresia

Esophageal atresia is a malformation that obstructs the upper esophagus. The atresia causes the child to have difficulties with swallowing and eating. Many newborns with esophageal atresia also have congenital heart defects, rectal or spinal malformations and kidney problems.

Fetal and EXIT

When you diagnose a life-threatening congenital abnormality or mass in an obstetric patient’s fetus, such as a high-risk lung lesion, you now have the choice of referring your patient for fetal surgery and ex utero intrapartum treatment, or EXIT.


Gastroschisis usually is diagnosed before birth. The condition, in which the newborn’s intestines protrude from the abdomen, is a serious congenital defect. Once a diagnosis of gastroschisis is made, the fetus should be carefully monitored and the infant’s delivery and repair should be planned.

Pediatric Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus literally means “water on the brain.” In this case, though, the “water” is really a fluid that protects the brain.


Hydrops is severe swelling in the body tissues of a fetus or newborn. Find out what causes hydrops and learn the symptoms.

Hyperbilirubinemia (Jaundice)

Hyperbilirubinemia is also known as jaundice. It a yellowish tint to your child’s skin and eyes. It is seen in approximately half of newborn babies, usually during the first 5 days of life. Most of the time it is mild and usually goes away within a week or so.

Jejunal and Ileal Atresia

Anywhere along the length of the small intestine, including the duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon, the intestine can form a blockage before an infant is born. This blockage usually occurs where one segment is not connected to the other segments, and is called an atresia. Jejunal and ileal atresias are most common, followed by duodenal and colon atresias.

Meconium Aspiration

Meconium aspiration happens when a newborn inhales feces found in the amniotic fluid before, during or after birth. Find out if your baby is at risk.


Pediatric myelomeningocele, or spina bifida, is a birth defect of the backbone and spinal cord. Learn how it affects a child after birth.

Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NE or sometimes NEC) is a rare condition that damages or kills cells and tissues in the colon or lower intestines. Most children are successfully treated and go on to live healthy lives.

Newborn Tumors

Malignant and benign tumors in infants are rare, and when you notice a mass on a fetus during routine ultrasonography or notice symptoms in a fetus that might indicate a tumor, you may want to consult a physician who specializes in performing high-risk fetal and neonatal procedures.


Omphalocele usually is diagnosed before birth. The condition, in which the newborn’s abdominal muscles around the umbilicus do not develop properly, can be a serious congenital defect. The severity of the defect varies.

Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension

Find out what causes persistent pulmonary hypertension, a condition that causes a newborn’s lungs to not function properly after birth.


Learn the causes and effects of prematurity — when a baby is born before 37 weeks’ gestation.

Prenatal Drug Exposure

Find out how prenatal drug exposure can cause permanent damage to a fetus and lasting effects for a child.

Pyloric Stenosis

When an infant has pyloric stenosis, which obstructs the stomach and causes undigested food to pass to the small intestine, you may want to consult a surgeon who specializes in performing high-risk fetal and neonatal procedures.

Fetal Neonatal Short Bowel Syndrome

Short bowel syndrome is a condition in which nutrients are not properly absorbed because a large portion of the small intestine is missing. It is most often due to a birth defect or due to surgical removal of part of the bowel.

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a condition that causes abnormal blood vessels to grow in the retina of premature infants. Learn the risk factors.


Sepsis and meningitis are dangerous infections that can lead to severe brain injury or death in newborns. Learn the risk factors, including group B strep.

Skeletal Dysplasias/Abnormalities

Learn the types and causes of pediatric skeletal dysplasias and abnormalities, which affect the way a fetus’ bones and joints develop.

Tracheoesophageal Fistula

Tracheoesophageal fistula is a rare congenital defect. You may want to consult a specialist who has experience performing high-risk fetal and neonatal surgery.

Very Low Birth Weight

Low birth weight is not always unhealthy or bad. For example, there is a tendency in some families to have small babies. A mother who is of small stature or has a small uterus could still have a perfectly healthy baby who weighs less than average.


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