The adrenal glands are located at the top of both kidneys. They release hormones that are important to your child’s health and growth. Adrenal gland hormones manage blood sugar levels, they regulate the balance of salt, potassium and water in the body; they control the body’s response to stress, and they control sexual maturation during childhood and puberty.
Conditions We Treat
An adrenal mass is a tumor inside an adrenal gland. Some adrenal masses are cancerous (malignant); others are noncancerous (benign). The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys, and their job is to produce and secrete several hormones (cortisol, aldosterone, epinephrine, norepinephrine, estrogen).
Pediatric androgen insensitivity syndrome is a rare genetic condition in which a baby that is genetically male (one X and one Y chromosome) is resistant or unresponsive to male hormones in the body, causing the child to develop outwardly as a female or to develop ambiguous genitalia. Internally, female reproductive organs are missing and male gonads are present.
Almost all of the calcium in your child’s body is stored in his bones and teeth, and helps strengthen them. The rest is used in different places throughout the body—in the blood, muscles, and in the fluids between the cells. Calcium also is needed to help muscles and blood vessels contract or expand, and to send messages through the nervous system.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a type of disorder that children can inherit. The disorder affects a child’s adrenal glands, which are located above each kidney. The glands make important hormones, including hormones that affect how well your child’s body maintains normal fluid levels and hormones related to sex organs and fertility.
Learn more about constitutional growth delay, which occurs when children grow at a normal rate, but tend to be smaller than other children their age.
Learn more about pediatric delayed puberty, which is when an adolescent does not start puberty at the same age range as their peers.
Learn more about pediatric growth hormone deficiency, which occurs when children lack sufficient levels of the growth hormone to help them grow.
Hypogonadism occurs when the sex glands produce little or no sex hormones. Sex glands or gonads are ovaries in girls and testes in boys.
Learn more about Klinefelter syndrome, a genetic condition in which boys are born with an extra sex chromosome in their cells.
A parathyroid mass is a tumor inside one of the parathyroid glands. Most parathyroid masses are noncancerous. The parathyroid glands are located in the front of your neck, close to your thyroid gland.
A pituitary lesion is an abnormal growth (tumor) in your pituitary gland, a gland at the base of your brain that regulates your body's hormone balances. Most pituitary lesions are noncancerous (benign).
Pediatric Precocious Puberty (Early Puberty) is more common in girls than in boys. Learn about symptoms and causes of delayed puberty with Children's Health.
Growth disorders are problems that prevent children from achieving normal height, weight or sexual maturity.
Short stature refers to children or teens who are significantly below the average height for a person who is the same age and sex. A growth chart shows your child’s current height and how fast he is growing. This can be compared to other children’s growth rates.
The thyroid gland is located in front of your child’s neck, roughly in the area a bow tie would cover. The butterfly-shaped gland makes hormones that regulate the body’s use of energy and oxygen, as well as the production of heat. Problems usually are related either to overproduction (hyperthyroidism) or underproduction (hypothyroidism) of hormones.
Pediatric Turner Syndrome (TS) is caused by rare chromosomal abnormalities of the XX chromosome. Learn about Turner Syndrome symptoms & causes with Children's Health.