The adrenal glands are located at the top of both kidneys. They release hormones that are important to your child’s health and growth. Adrenal gland hormones manage blood sugar levels, they regulate the balance of salt, potassium and water in the body; they control the body’s response to stress, and they control sexual maturation during childhood and puberty.
Conditions We Treat
An adrenal mass is a tumor inside an adrenal gland. Some adrenal masses are cancerous (malignant); others are noncancerous (benign). The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys, and their job is to produce and secrete several hormones (cortisol, aldosterone, epinephrine, norepinephrine, estrogen).
Pediatric androgen insensitivity syndrome is a rare genetic condition in which a baby that is genetically male (one X and one Y chromosome) is resistant or unresponsive to male hormones in the body, causing the child to develop outwardly as a female or to develop ambiguous genitalia. Internally, female reproductive organs are missing and male gonads are present.
Beckwith-Weidemann syndrome causes a child to grow rapidly for the first eight years of life, which can lead to a temporarily asymmetric appearance. Learn more.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a type of disorder that children can inherit. The disorder affects a child’s adrenal glands, which are located above each kidney. The glands make important hormones, including hormones that affect how well your child’s body maintains normal fluid levels and hormones related to sex organs and fertility.
Learn more about constitutional growth delay, which occurs when children grow at a normal rate, but tend to be smaller than other children their age.
Learn more about pediatric delayed puberty, which is when an adolescent does not start puberty at the same age range as their peers.
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) causes polyps to develop in the colon, which are initially noncancerous, but will become cancerous over time. Learn more.
Learn more about pediatric growth hormone deficiency, which occurs when children lack sufficient levels of the growth hormone to help them grow.
Hypogonadism occurs when the sex glands produce little or no sex hormones. Sex glands or gonads are ovaries in girls and testes in boys.
Learn more about Klinefelter syndrome, a genetic condition in which boys are born with an extra sex chromosome in their cells.
Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) means that several members of a family have been diagnosed with cancer at a young age. Learn more.
A parathyroid mass is a tumor inside one of the parathyroid glands. Most parathyroid masses are noncancerous. The parathyroid glands are located in the front of your neck, close to your thyroid gland.
A pituitary lesion is an abnormal growth (tumor) in your pituitary gland, a gland at the base of your brain that regulates your body's hormone balances. Most pituitary lesions are noncancerous (benign).
Pediatric Precocious Puberty (Early Puberty) is more common in girls than in boys. Learn about symptoms and causes of delayed puberty with Children's Health.
Growth disorders are problems that prevent children from achieving normal height, weight or sexual maturity.
Short stature refers to children or teens who are significantly below the average height for a person who is the same age and sex. A growth chart shows your child’s current height and how fast he is growing. This can be compared to other children’s growth rates.
Pediatric Turner Syndrome (TS) is caused by rare chromosomal abnormalities of the XX chromosome. Learn about Turner Syndrome symptoms & causes with Children's Health.
Addison’s disease causes the adrenal glands to not produce enough of certain, necessary hormones. Learn more about this condition.