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Pediatric Adrenal Disorders

The adrenal glands are located at the top of both kidneys. They release hormones that are important to your child’s health and growth. Adrenal gland hormones manage blood sugar levels, they regulate the balance of salt, potassium and water in the body; they control the body’s response to stress, and they control sexual maturation during childhood and puberty.

Pediatric Adrenal Masses

An adrenal mass is a tumor inside an adrenal gland. Some adrenal masses are cancerous (malignant); others are noncancerous (benign). The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys, and their job is to produce and secrete several hormones (cortisol, aldosterone, epinephrine, norepinephrine, estrogen).

Pediatric Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS)

Pediatric androgen insensitivity syndrome is a rare genetic condition in which a baby that is genetically male (one X and one Y chromosome) is resistant or unresponsive to male hormones in the body, causing the child to develop outwardly as a female or to develop ambiguous genitalia. Internally, female reproductive organs are missing and male gonads are present.

Pediatric Calcium Disorders

Almost all of the calcium in your child’s body is stored in his bones and teeth, and helps strengthen them. The rest is used in different places throughout the body—in the blood, muscles, and in the fluids between the cells. Calcium also is needed to help muscles and blood vessels contract or expand, and to send messages through the nervous system.

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a type of disorder that children can inherit. The disorder affects a child’s adrenal glands, which are located above each kidney. The glands make important hormones, including hormones that affect how well your child’s body maintains normal fluid levels and hormones related to sex organs and fertility.

Pediatric Delayed Puberty

Learn more about pediatric delayed puberty, which is when an adolescent does not start puberty at the same age range as their peers.

Pediatric Growth Hormone Deficiency

Learn more about pediatric growth hormone deficiency, which occurs when children lack sufficient levels of the growth hormone to help them grow.

Pediatric Hypogonadism

Hypogonadism occurs when the sex glands produce little or no sex hormones. Sex glands or gonads are ovaries in girls and testes in boys.

Pediatric Parathyroid Masses

A parathyroid mass is a tumor inside one of the parathyroid glands. Most parathyroid masses are noncancerous. The parathyroid glands are located in the front of your neck, close to your thyroid gland.

Pediatric Pituitary Lesions

A pituitary lesion is an abnormal growth (tumor) in your pituitary gland, a gland at the base of your brain that regulates your body's hormone balances. Most pituitary lesions are noncancerous (benign).

Pediatric Short Stature

Short stature refers to children or teens who are significantly below the average height for a person who is the same age and sex. A growth chart shows your child’s current height and how fast he is growing. This can be compared to other children’s growth rates.

Pediatric Thyroid Disorders

The thyroid gland is located in front of your child’s neck, roughly in the area a bow tie would cover. The butterfly-shaped gland makes hormones that regulate the body’s use of energy and oxygen, as well as the production of heat. Problems usually are related either to overproduction (hyperthyroidism) or underproduction (hypothyroidism) of hormones.

Pediatric Turner Syndrome

Pediatric Turner Syndrome (TS) is caused by rare chromosomal abnormalities of the XX chromosome. Learn about Turner Syndrome symptoms & causes with Children's Health.

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