Type 2 diabetes, previously called adult-onset diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. With type 2 diabetes, the body does not use insulin correctly.
Type 2 diabetes is a disease that has as its main symptom a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. It is the most common form of diabetes. It is often called non-insulin-dependent diabetes, or adult-onset diabetes.
With type 2 diabetes, the fat, liver and muscle cells don’t work properly with insulin to use or to store the glucose that is in the diet. This is called “insulin resistance.”
When the glucose can’t get into the cells, it remains in the blood and builds up until there is too much. This is called hyperglycemia.
Target glucose levels:
It is common for people with type 2 diabetes to show no symptoms early in life. It can be years before symptoms show up.
Not every child needs these tests. Your provider will work with you and your child to determine what should be done.
There are two goals in treating type 2 diabetes.
Talk to your child’s doctor before starting an exercise program. Children with type 2 diabetes usually need to take special steps before, during and after periods of activity.
Living with type 2 diabetes is a lifelong project. Educating your child, your family and other caregivers takes on great importance. Children’s Health offers an extensive training program covering what you and your child will need to know.
Unlike type 1 diabetes, research has shown that there are some ways to prevent type 2 diabetes, or at least delay its onset. Lifestyle changes, such as becoming more active and making sure your weight stays in a healthy range, help ward off type 2 diabetes.
American Board of Pediatrics/Endocrinology