Pediatric Airway Disorders

Pediatric Airway Disorders

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Summary

Pediatric airway disorders occur when a child’s airway is obstructed or damaged due to illness, disease or congenital (present at birth) defect.

Expanded overview

Airway disorders occur when a child’s airway is obstructed or damaged. The airway is made up of four structures:

  • Bronchi (lung passages)
  • Larynx (voice box)
  • Pharynx (back of the mouth and nose)
  • Trachea (windpipe)

Causes

Several diseases, illnesses or congenital defects can affect any part of the airway, hindering a child’s ability to breath. Some of the most common types are outlined below.

Types

There are many types of pediatric airway disorders, some that are very complex. A few of the most common types of airway disorders include:

Symptoms

Symptoms of airway disorders can vary by the type. Some of the common symptoms include:

  • Coughing
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Shortness of breath or noisy breathing
  • Wheezing

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