Pediatric Laryngitis

Pediatric Laryngitis

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Summary

Laryngitis occurs when vocal cords become inflamed or irritated, leading to a hoarse voice.

Expanded Overview

Vocal cords are located in the larynx or voice box. When we speak, they vibrate to create sound. When vocal cords are inflamed or irritated, they can’t vibrate properly, leading to a hoarse voice. This is called laryngitis.

Types

There are two types of laryngitis:

  • Acute – The most common type of laryngitis. It is caused by an illness or vocal strain and is a temporary condition.
  • Chronic – Laryngitis that lasts longer than three weeks. It is caused by long-term exposure to an irritant, illness or an injury

Causes

Laryngitis can be caused by a number of factors including:

  • Acid reflux (GERD)
  • Allergies
  • Bacterial infection
  • Bronchitis
  • Common cold
  • Croup 
  • Epiglottitis – inflammation of the tissue that covers the trachea and caused by a bacterial infection. This is a life-threatening condition.
  • Exposure to chemicals or allergens
  • Injury
  • Sinus infections
  • Smoking
  • Sore throat
  • Viruses
  • Yelling or cheering

Symptoms

Symptoms of laryngitis include:

  • Dry cough
  • Dry throat
  • Fever
  • Hoarse voice
  • No voice
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes or glands
  • Throat irritation/tickle

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