Pediatric Subglottic Stenosis

Pediatric Subglottic Stenosis

Pediatric Subglottic Stenosis

Pediatric subglottic stenosis occurs when a child’s airway becomes narrow in the larynx (voice box). The larynx is located above the trachea (windpipe) and below the vocal cords (subglottis). It often affects a child’s voice.

Dallas

214-456-6862
Fax: 214-456-7115
Suite F5300

Plano

469-303-4700
Fax: 469-303-4720
Suite P3500

Park Cities

469-488-7000
Fax: 469-488-7001
Suite 106

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What is Pediatric Subglottic Stenosis?

Pediatric subglottic stenosis occurs when a child’s airway becomes too narrow at the cricoid cartilage (ring of cartilage in the airway), located above the trachea and below the vocal cords. The cricoid cartilage is the only spot in the airway that is made completely of cartilage.

What are the different types of Pediatric Subglottic Stenosis?

There are two types of subglottic stenosis:

Congenital subglottic stenosis

Congenital subglottic stenosis is a child is born with narrowing in their airway and can be associated with other genetic conditions like Down syndrome.

Acquired subglottic stenosis

Acquired subglottic stenosis occurs most often from scarring in the child’s larynx after surgery and/or long intubation (plastic tubing in the trachea to assist breathing).

What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Subglottic Stenosis?

Children with subglottic stenosis often have the following symptoms:

  • Breathing difficulty or distress
  • Cough
  • Inability to run or exercise
  • Recurrent croup
  • Shortness of breath or noisy breathing

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